HGV Training

To put it simply, there isn’t one anymore.

What do HGV and LGV mean?
The term HGV or Heavy Goods Vehicles was introduced when the UK government introduced road tax.  The Government needed a way to categorise vehicles by numerous things such as engine size, weight and emissions.  The term LGV or Light Commercial Goods Vehicle described vehicles that had a gross weight of under 3500kg.  The term HGV described anything with over 3500kg gross vehicle weight.  This type of classification made it easier for people to tell the difference between LGV and HGVs based on their size.

When were the changes to the categories made?
In 1992, the UK unified with the EU to reflect their licence categories.  The EU had classified vehicles over 3.5 tonnes as commercial trucks.  This meant that in the UK, LGV had to change from a 'Light Goods Vehicle' to a 'Large Goods Vehicle'.  There was now, no difference between HGV and LGV.
Since 1992, HGV or Heavy Goods Vehicle has had the same meaning as LGV or Large Goods Vehicle.
The licence categories changed in the UK at the same time.  What was HGV Class 1 is now known as Category C+E. HGV Class 2 training is currently known as Category C.

So what licence do I need?
Many people in the industry may well refer to the old or new classifications or a mixture of both.  As training providers, we understand that this can be confusing for those people who are new to the industry.  To make it simpler to understand, we have shown you in pictures what licence you require to drive which vehicle.  We have also included other terms you may come across to describe the licence type.

Category C Diagram

C+E Diagram

How can 2 Start Training help me?
As the South Coast premier driving logistics training provider, we pride ourselves in helping you to achieve your training goals, whether that be re-entering the workforce, a change or advancement in your career or a complete beginner.  We have the largest variety of courses suitable for every level of ability.
If you are still unsure about the difference or need some advice on which course is the right one for you, get in touch with our expert team today and we will be able to help you.


There are two HGV licences that you will need to obtain depending on the category of vehicle you want to drive. To drive a Rigid lorry, you will need to gain your CAT C licence, and to drive an articulated lorry you will need to obtain your C+E licence.

Those who hold a CAT C licence can drive vehicles over 3,500kgs with a trailer up to 750kgs MAM.

Those who hold a C+E licence will be able to drive vehicles over 3,500kgs with a trailer over 750kgs.

To start one of our LGV driver training courses, all you need to do is decide which of our courses is the best one for you and then choose the best date available for you to complete your training. It is that simple! Our online booking system allows you to easily book your LGV training course and complete your training quickly!

Additionally, you can call our team on 02392 123 555, and they will arrange everything for you! Also, you can email us at office@2start-training.com.

You will only need to complete your 35-hours of periodic CPC training if you are driving for hire & reward purposes or as the main part of your job. If you are driving as a hobby, then you will not need to complete CPC training.

Any driver who first passed any category C driving test after 9th of September 2009 must have this new qualification. Drivers who held any LGV driving entitlement before that date have 5 years “acquired rights” to the Driver CPC.

The Driver CPC is enforced on the road in the same way as holding an appropriate driving licence and it is an offence to drive without it. There are penalties for drivers and operators who flaunt this new requirement.

We have both online and classroom CPC training courses available with 7-hour and 35-hour options on offer. We also have a wide variety of training modules that you can choose to complete!

The cost to complete your HGV driver training will range from £220 for our C1 7.5-tonne session-only course through to our Gold Fast Track Car to C+E course would cost £4,185 and comes with a few added benefits to provide our students with peace of mind like the pass protection for example.

The HGV driver training course you require will depend on the category of HGV vehicle you would like to drive and your current level of HGV driving experience.

The cost of the training will be respective to the required number of theory and practical-based training hours you will need to receive. This again comes back to your current level of experience and the vehicle classification you wish to drive; we can also offer an evaluation session with one of our instructors who will then be able to advise of the recommended number of training hours you will likely require to be test ready.

Yes, funding options are available for some candidates if they meet the specified requirements.

There are approved schemes like the Governments Skills Bootcamps available that will give you funding to complete your HGV driver training, or some companies will also pay for candidates to complete training when hiring new drivers.

We also offer deposit options for all of our training courses, allowing you to pay for the remainder of your course before you come to one of our depots to complete your training.

HGV training costs vary across the board, with different companies offering different prices.

The price for your HGV training will also depend on; which category vehicle you wish to train on, the number of hours of training you want to complete, and other external factors such as some candidates needing to complete re-tests.

Here at 2 Start, we have very competitive HGV training prices for all of our categories, including C1, C1+E, CAT C, C+E, and our new Fast Track car to C+E courses.

The time it takes to become an HGV driver from start to finish can vary for every candidate, depending on their requirements and skill levels they have when they first start their training.

A good estimate from start to finish is around 4-5 months to complete the whole process, including roughly 2-6 weeks from completing your medical and then receiving your provisional licence with the extra HGV entitlements added.

The amount of time it takes you to pass your HGV test could be longer, with some candidates needing extra hours of on-the-road driving and more time to gain confidence in operating an HGV.

An HGV driver in the UK as of February 2023 typically earns an average salary of around £38,136*[i]. However, this number can drastically change depending on many factors, such as:

  • If you are driving a Class 1 or Class 2 HGV.
  • The experience you have as an HGV driver.
  • The type of loads that you are delivering.
  • The distances and hours that you are willing to work.
  • If you have additional entitlements such as ADR.

These are just some of the varying factors that can affect how much you earn as an HGV driver, with many more that can be named. However, with increasing demand and an increase in salaries for HGV drivers, some companies have been seen to offer up to £60,000*[ii] a year for HGV Class 1 drivers.

[i] https://uk.indeed.com/career/truck-driver/salaries
[ii] https://uk.indeed.com/jobs?q=hgv+driver+%C2%A360%2C000&l=England

*All figures accurate at the time of publishing

Yes, as of November 15th 2021, you can now go straight from a car to a Class 1 HGV. The November 2021 changes were introduced by the Government to reduce the national HGV driver shortage.

These changes included:

We have added many Fast Track options to allow our students to go from a car straight to a Class 1 HGV.

If you passed your car driving test before 1st January 1997, you automatically have “acquired rights” to categories C1, D1, and B+E entitlements. This means you can drive goods vehicles up to 7.5 tonnes, towing a trailer up to 750kg, a minibus up to 16 seats towing a trailer, and a car towing any trailer.

If you passed your test after 1st January 1997, you are allowed to drive vehicles up to 3.5 tonnes (Ford Transit or Mercedes Sprinter sized vehicles but check the Gross Weight on the plate of the vehicle because some “Small vans” are not that small!) towing a trailer up to 750kg (but not exceeding a train weight of 3.5tonnes), a minibus up to 8 seats towing a trailer up to 750kg (not exceeding a train weight of 3.5tonnes) and a car towing a trailer up to 750kgs (again, not exceeding the 3.5 tonnes train weight).

If you do not have “acquired rights” you will need to complete some form of HGV training, depending on the category of vehicle you are planning on driving, such as Category C or Category C+E.

Although, you can still complete your Category C course before taking your Category C+E training. This will allow you to gain confidence and experience in driving a CAT C vehicle before making the jump to a C+E.

View our CAT C courses!

This really depends on your level of driving confidence and spatial awareness; it can take some getting used to when you first begin to drive an HGV. However, the more experience you gain and confidence you get, the ‘easier’ HGV driving will become.

Completing any of our HGV training courses will give you the skills and knowledge that you need to safely and efficiently operate the category of vehicle specified in your training and become a better HGV driver.

The size and weight of a rigid and especially an articulated vehicle is difficult to get used to but receiving industry-leading training, such as the standard of service provided by us at 2 Start, will ensure you gain your HGV licence.

Completing one of our HGV driver training courses will give you the resources needed to pass your HGV driving test.

We have an extensive catalogue of courses for you to choose from depending on your individual requirements, meaning we will have the ideal package for you! Additionally, we are also allowing students to build their own courses using our Build your own packages.

HGV driving is an extremely skilled job, requiring a multitude of different skills and expertise apart from your driving ability, including good time management skills.

Yes, truck drivers are in demand now more than ever! The national UK HGV driver shortage has meant that many companies are looking for drivers and are offering improved salaries and more sociable working hours.

Read our recent article on is it worth getting my UK HGV licence? For more information on the top reasons, you should gain your HGV licence and the huge demand we are seeing for HGV drivers.