What is the difference between LGV and HGV?

To put it simply, there isn’t one anymore.

What do HGV and LGV mean?
The term HGV or Heavy Goods Vehicles was introduced when the UK government introduced road tax.  The Government needed a way to categorise vehicles by numerous things such as engine size, weight and emissions.  The term LGV or Light Commercial Goods Vehicle described vehicles that had a gross weight of under 3500kg.  The term HGV described anything with over 3500kg gross vehicle weight.  This type of classification made it easier for people to tell the difference between LGV and HGVs based on their size.

When were the changes to the categories made?
In 1992, the UK unified with the EU to reflect their licence categories.  The EU had classified vehicles over 3.5 tonnes as commercial trucks.  This meant that in the UK, LGV had to change from a ‘Light Goods Vehicle’ to a ‘Large Goods Vehicle’.  There was now, no difference between HGV and LGV.
Since 1992, HGV or Heavy Goods Vehicle has had the same meaning as LGV or Large Goods Vehicle.
The licence categories changed in the UK at the same time.  What was HGV Class 1 is now known as Category C+E. HGV Class 2 training is currently known as Category C.

So what licence do I need?
Many people in the industry may well refer to the old or new classifications or a mixture of both.  As training providers, we understand that this can be confusing for those people who are new to the industry.  To make it simpler to understand, we have shown you in pictures what licence you require to drive which vehicle.  We have also included other terms you may come across to describe the licence type.

Category C Diagram

C+E Diagram

How can 2 Start Training help me?
As the South Coast premier driving logistics training provider, we pride ourselves in helping you to achieve your training goals, whether that be re-entering the workforce, a change or advancement in your career or a complete beginner.  We have the largest variety of courses suitable for every level of ability.
If you are still unsure about the difference or need some advice on which course is the right one for you, get in touch with our expert team today and we will be able to help you.